'''Lillian Florence "Lilly" Hellman''' (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She famously was blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities
(HUAC) at the height of the Second Red Scare|anti-communist campaigns
of 1947–52. Although she continued to Broadway theatre|work on Broadway
in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a precipitous decline in her income during which time she had to work outside her chosen profession. Hellman was praised by many for refusing to answer questions by HUAC; however, her denial that she had ever belonged to the Communist Party was doubted by many, including war correspondent Martha Gellhorn
, former wife of Ernest Hemingway, and author/literary critic Mary McCarthy (author)|Mary McCarthy
Hellman was romantically involved with...